March 2018

Aptible Enclave and Gridiron are HITRUST CSF Certified

Chas Ballew on March 13, 2018

As we mentioned just a few days ago, data security is increasingly top of mind for every business, but especially B2B SaaS companies. Data breaches are becoming more common and present an existential threat: losing control over sensitive personal information information can result in lost reputation, churn, class action lawsuits, fines from regulators, or literally closing up shop.

I’m very happy to announce that Aptible has achieved HITRUST CSF Certification for Enclave and Gridiron. This post shares a bit more about what this means and how you can think about your own path to certification.

What is the HITRUST CSF?

In healthcare, HIPAA is the dominant regulatory framework, but it has two basic shortcomings:

  1. Lack of standardization: Because HIPAA regulates a large and extremely diverse set of businesses (perhaps close to 1M covered entities and business associates nationwide), it necessarily leaves a lot of room for interpretation. As just one example of many, HIPAA doesn’t address multi-factor authentication at all, except through general requirements to appropriately safeguard data. SaaS companies are routinely asked for independent verification that they exceed HIPAA requirements and implement best practices and industry standards for security and privacy management.

  2. Lack of independent assurance: SaaS companies are often asked for independent validation that they meet HIPAA requirements, but there is no official HIPAA certification or validation. HHS has an auditing program, but you cannot self-select into it.

Enter the HITRUST Alliance and the HITRUST Services Corp. HITRUST Alliance is a non-profit that develops a Common Security Framework (CSF) based on ISO/IEC 27001 that integrates HIPAA, HITECH, and a variety of other state, local, and industry frameworks and best practices. HITRUST Services Corporation is a for-profit that works with independent CSF assessors to validate implementation and efficacy of the CSF.

HITRUST has three levels of assurance for the CSF, each of which correspond to a report:

  • Self-Assessment is what it means. HITRUST will QA the report, but all of the attestations are supplied by you.

  • Validated Assessment is where you work with an authorized CSF Assessor following the CSF Assessment Methodology.

  • Validated Assessment with Certification is available when demonstrate certain levels of maturity for each in-scope control.

What does HITRUST CSF Certification mean?

To earn certification, you have to demonstrate to your assessor’s satisfaction that all of your required controls have met certain maturity levels. This HITRUST CSF Certification implements this through a scoring system. The full HITRUST CSF Control Maturity Model is described starting on page 9 of HITRUST’s “Risk Analysis Guide for HITRUST Organizations”. In particular, see the scoring example starting on page 16.

I’ll summarize and provide another example here.

First, you work with your assessor to determine which controls are in scope, based on certain risk factors that HITRUST deems relevant, such as how much HIPAA PHI you process, your organization size, etc. (see “Assessment Scoping” in CSF Assessment Methodology). Controls are organized across domains such as access control, asset management, and risk management.

Each in-scope control has five maturity levels, organized progressively. You receive a score (25% intervals between 0-100%, non-compliant to fully compliant) for each maturity level based on whether you have complied with the control’s requirements for that maturity level. Your overall maturity score is the sum of the weighted scores.

I’ll use the same category of example as the HITRUST Risk Analysis Guide, device encryption, adapted slightly for startups.

Maturity Level Summary Weight Scoring Example
Policy Policies for the control are in place, managed, and communicated to those affected or responsible. 25% You have an official policy that says you will encrypt all laptop and workstation filesystems with strong crypto, and enforce it with mobile device management. The policy is signed by management and has been distributed to the specific individuals you have assigned responsibility for managing security, and laptops/workstations in particular.

Score: Fully Compliant, 100
Procedures Procedures for the control are in place, current, communicated to those affected or responsible, etc. 25% You have internal procedures documenting how to configure JAMF Now, your MDM provider. JAMF only works with Mac devices though, and you have one old Windows server running some ancient on-prem software you really need for processing PHI. It can’t be enrolled in JAMF.
Score: Mostly Compliant, 75
Measured Control tests, self-assessments and audits are performed; metrics are collected, etc. 15% You check for MDM enrollment, status sometimes, but not on a regular basis.

Score: Somewhat Compliant, 25
Managed Controls are adjusted and matured over time. 10% Windows MDM is just something you haven’t gotten around to yet. You don’t really use any metrics from JAMF to make decisions or improve security.

Score: Not Compliant, 0

In this example, you’d score:
(100 for policy)(.25)
+ (75 for procedures)(.25)
+ (75 for Implementation)(.25)
+ (25 for measurement)(.15)
+ (0 for management)(.10)
= 66.25

You’d then convert that maturity score to a rating scale for CSF certification (see p. 21 of the HITRUST Risk Analysis Guide). In this example, a maturity score of 66.25 would convert to a Level 3+ maturity rating.

To obtain certification, you must attain a Level 3+ or 3 with a corrective action plan for each required CSF control.

How can you get HITRUST CSF Certified?

First things first, you need to have some kind of formal security management function in place, or a plan for developing one. You are going to need to designate security responsibilities, establish formal policies and do formal risk analysis, train your workforce on various security and compliance issues relevant to their roles, conduct regular security management tasks and checks, such as scanning, pen testing, etc.

Note that the rating scale is weighted so that if you hit 100%, fully compliant for policies, procedures, and implementation on a control, you will score 3+. In other words, if you nail policies, procedures, and implementation across the board, you have a path to certification and give yourself a strong foundation for improving your security posture over time by layering in more monitoring and management.

A standard certification strategy usually starts with a CSF Self-Assessment. Given that we dogfood our own Gridiron platform for HIPAA, GDPR, ISO 27001, and SOC 2 compliance, we had a major head start on the HITRUST CSF requirements.

Things to be aware of as you budget and assess whether certification is feasible:

A standard assessment strategy would be to start with a facilitated self-assessment, to use as a gap analysis. You’d hire your assessor or another facilitator, purchase a subscription to MyCSF, and purchase a self-assessment report. When you are ready to proceed to a validated assessment with certification, you’d purchase another validated assessment report and work with your assessor as described in the section above.

How does the Enclave + Gridiron HITRUST CSF Certification help you?

This whole Internet/cloud/software-eating-the-world thing doesn’t work without trust. Our mission at Aptible is to help developer teams protect sensitive data. Adding HITRUST CSF Certification to our assurance programs for ISO 27001 certification, SOC 2 Type 2 auditing, HIPAA and GDPR/Privacy Shield makes Aptible Enclave one of the most heavily audited container platforms anywhere. Compliance is not security, and confusing the two is dangerous, but independent verification of security management in the form of certifications and audits does help build trust, and is increasingly a critical requirement for B2B buyers.

If you are a B2B SaaS company, using Enclave is the fastest way to fly through vendor security assessment, risk questionnaires, and other steps in the B2B sales process. Your customers will accept our certifications as evidence that your Enclave architecture is managed according to the most stringent security best practices.

If you are interested in HITRUST Inheritance for Enclave, please let us know.

Gridiron is a SaaS platform for security management. Customers use it to build and manage security programs that meet and exceed protocols like HIPAA, GDPR, SOC 2, and ISO 27001. The HITRUST CSF is separately licensed by HITRUST and is not available in Gridiron by default. Please contact us if you would like to use the HITRUST CSF in Gridiron.

How can I get a copy of the Enclave + Gridiron CSF Validated Assessment Report?

You can view Aptible’s standalone HITRUST CSF certification letter for Enclave and Gridiron here.

Because the full Validated Assessment Report contains sensitive information, we cannot share it publicly. We are however excited to share it with customers and partners. If you’d like to get a copy of our report, or if you’d like to learn more about the HITRUST CSF, please let us know.

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Aptible SOC 2 Type 2 Report Now Available

Chas Ballew on March 5, 2018

Data security is increasingly top of mind for every business, but especially B2B SaaS companies. Data breaches are becoming more common and present an existential threat: losing control over sensitive personal information information can result in lost reputation, churn, class action lawsuits, fines from regulators, or literally closing up shop.

Your customers and partners demand assurances that the data you process on their behalf is protected. This is why standards like the the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) System and Organization Controls (“SOC” for short) for Service Organization reports have become popular in the last few years. A SOC report is completed by an independent third-party CPA auditor and provides insight into how a service organization (such as a cloud vendor) achieves key security and compliance objectives.

Aptible has achieved SOC 2 Type 2 compliance for the security and availability Trust Service Principles. This post shares a bit more about what this means and why this type of compliance is so valuable to B2B SaaS companies in specific. We’ll also share how you can start building a security program that meets SOC 2 requirements and is audit-ready.

(If you’re a customer or partner, and you want to get a copy of Aptible’s SOC 2 Type 2 report, skip ahead.)

What is SOC 2?

SOC 2 is a widely-used framework for building trust between vendors (called “service organizations”) and customers (called “user entities”).

CPAs have been doing audits relating to controls at service organization relevant to user entities’ internal control over financial reporting for decades, all the way back to a standard called SAP No. 29 in the 1950s. In 1992, a standard called SAS 70 introduced the concept of service organizations, which was used for years and gained importance post-Enron and post-Sarbanes Oxley. These standards still focused on internal control over financial reporting, however, not security. With the rise of cloud computing, the AICPA saw the need for a security-specific framework, and in 2010 introduced their new Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements No. 16 (SSAE 16). SSAE 16 introduced SOC 1, SOC 2 and SOC 3, with SOC 1 replacing SAS 70.1

Today, SOC 2 Type 2 reports are one of the most requested forms of assurance from large B2B customers. Why is that?

SOC 2 defines five Trust Service Principles (security, availability, confidentiality, processing integrity, and privacy) and criteria (called the Trust Services Criteria) for meeting them. As an organization, you select controls to ensure you meet the criteria.

Do you remember the Choose Your Own Adventure Series?

The Cave of Time. SOC 2 is the choose your own (adventure) trust service principles.

SOC 2 is Choose Your Own Trust Service Principles2 and controls. You pick which TSPs you want to be audited on, and which controls you select.

Security, availability, and confidentiality are the most popular TSPs. AWS does those three, GCP adds processing integrity as does Azure.

Why are those the most popular? Why not the privacy TSP?

In a nutshell, the security TSP is the big lift. The criteria for the Trust Services Principles are broken into two categories: a set of criteria common to all five of the trust service categories (called the “common criteria”); and additional criteria specific to the availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy TSPs.

The common criteria cover key concepts that affect all of the TSPs and criteria, like establishing a control environment, communication, risk assessment, and monitoring. So, if you only do the security TSP, you do the common criteria and are done. If you only do availability, you have to do all of the common criteria, plus three additional criteria. If you do security and availability, you have to do the same work: all of the common criteria, plus the three additional availability criteria. With the new 2017 Trust Services Criteria, confidentiality (which used to be 8 additional criteria in the 2016 version) is wrapped into the common criteria and slimmed down to two additional criteria.

So security is the most popular TSP because everyone has to do it and it gets at the heart of your security management program. Availability and confidentiality are extra work, but not that much more.3 Processing integrity is six additional criteria (five in the new 2017 TSCs) and may become more popular in the future, although at Aptible we don’t see much demand for it yet. Privacy is 20 extra criteria (18 in the new 2017 TSCs), and often entities have HIPAA or GDPR efforts that are redundant, so customers rarely demand it.

We highly recommend buying the Trust Services Criteria3 and SOC 2 Guide. Note the SOC 2 guide is the new, shiny 2018 edition (and works with the upcoming 2017 TSCs), but the TSCs are the 2016 version, which expires at the end of March. You can download a mapping of the extant (still in effect) 2016 TSCs to the new 2017 ones from the AICPA.

SOC 2 (and SOC 1) reports come in two flavors, Type 1 and Type 2. (These are also sometimes called Type I and Type II, but the AICPA SOC 2 Guide uses Arabic numerals, so I will here. I don’t think it matters.)

A Type 1 report is a point-in-time snapshot where a CPA looks at management’s description of the service organization’s system (e.g. your security management program) and renders an opinion on 1) whether that description is fairly presented, and 2) whether the controls you have in place are suitably designed to meet your control objectives. Type 1 reports are useful if you want to get your auditor familiar with your chosen controls, or if your system or control scheme has changed significantly.

A Type 2 is the good stuff your customers want: It includes the Type 1 subject matter plus an opinion on the operating effectiveness of the controls in place over a specific period (called a “review period” - usually 6 or 12 months). The Type 2 report also contains details about how the auditor examine each control and what they tested. This level of granularity, along with SOC 2’s usability for any vertical, is why the framework is so popular.

By way of contrast, an ISO 27001 certification (Aptible’s is here represents strong adherence to a specific set of controls, but doesn’t have any granularity as to how specific control objectives are achieved, or whether those controls are operating effectively. Many B2B buyers will accept both in lieu of a security assessment questionnaire, but some prefer SOC 2.

The AICPA’s new SOC for Cybersecurity framework will have both a static set of controls (like ISO 27001) and the SOC 2 auditing methodology, and will probably be popular as well when the SOC for Cybersecurity Guide is released later this year.

How can you complete your own SOC 2 report?

If you run architecture on Enclave, our AWS-based Docker container orchestration platform, you can inherit our SOC 2 report through what the AICPA calls the carve-out method.

We also offer Gridiron, a security management SaaS platform for helping you stand up and run a security management program that meets stringent criteria. You can use Gridiron with several protocols, including HIPAA, ISO 27001, SOC 2, and GDPR.

For SOC 2 specifically, Gridiron onboarding replaces much of the gap and readiness work that you would do with consultants, in spreadsheets and word processing documents, and leaves you with a source of truth for security management data that makes auditing easy.

How can I get a copy of Aptible’s SOC 2 Type 2 report?

Under AICPA rules, SOC 2 reports are only for management, customers, and other key stakeholders. As a result we cannot post our SOC 2 Type 2 report publicly. We are however excited to share it with customers and partners.

If you’d like to get a copy of our report, or if you’d like to learn more about SOC 2 and how you might begin preparing to create a security management program that will help you complete your own report, get in touch now.

These changes continue: SSAE 16 has been replaced with SSAE 18 and a new “SOC for Cybersecurity” framework is coming this year.

1 These changes continue: SSAE 16 has been replaced with SSAE 18 and a new “SOC for Cybersecurity” framework is coming this year.
2 The AICPA is renaming the Trust Service Principles to Trust Service Categories, but is still using the acronym “TSP.”
3 The AICPA is updating the Trust Services Criteria to a 2017 version (effective in December 2018), but there are still only 3 additional availability criteria.

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February 2018

Recap: Aptible January 2018 Quarterly Product Update Webinar

Elissa Shevinsky on January 30, 2018

Every quarter, we host a webinar to share everything that’s new with Enclave and Gridiron.

In case you missed it, you can watch a recording of our January webinar below. You can also grab the transcript and the slide deck in our resources section. We provide a full recap of the event in this post.

Register now for our next update webinar on April 25, 2018.

January 2018 Quarterly Product Update Webinar

Webinar Recap

Meltdown and Spectre

We kicked off the webinar with a panel on Meltdown and Spectre, to discuss on how we protect our customers as in the event of disclosed vulnerabilities. We also did a deep dive into the ways that Enclave is architected for security more generally, with an emphasis on isolation based on trust levels. CTO Frank Macreery and Lead Enclave Developer Thomas Orozco discussed these topics and more in a conversation moderated by Web Security Advocate Elissa Shevinsky.

Meltdown and Spectre aren’t the worst vulnerabilities, but they are unique because they have a wide impact. Specifically, Meltdown and Spectre are a design flaw in CPUs that affects modern Intel processors as well as other processors that are used in everything from laptops to mobile devices. Meltdown uses speculative execution to leak kernel data. Spectre can also be used to leak information from the kernel. It’s trickier to exploit but also more difficult to mitigate.

Meltdown can be easy to exploit and those exploits are difficult to detect. Meltdown exploits privilege escalation paths, which makes it particularly relevant for cloud computing infrastructure like Aptible.

There are two general pathways to exploit Meltdown. The first is an attacker can gain access to data run by your peers (on same instance as you.) Aptible protects against this on Enclave by requiring that all sensitive workloads are isolated on dedicated-tenancy stacks (which are not shared with other customers).

The other way is to attack Enclave itself. If you look at Enclave, anyone on the internet can potentially open up an account on a shared environment. The way we protect the risk of access to Enclave is by separating our riskiest systems from our most sensitive environment variables that are required to administer Aptible.

We’ve put together a diagram and slide deck showing how we think about trust level, isolation, and threats. We isolate the riskiest components from the most sensitive and privileged data. Our CTO Frank Macreery wrote a blog post on how the Aptible team responded to Meltdown and Spectre. For an even deeper dive into these details, we recommend watching the webinar or reading the webinar transcript.

Meltdown Mitigation

The steps for the Meltdown mitigation were fairly extensive. We began our patching process with the most high risk instances, which are shared-tenancy instances. (We love our customers but treat all applications as potentially untrusted by nature.) Then we moved onto dedicated tenancy stacks. As a final step we scheduled maintenance windows with customers to restart databases and make sure all instances were patched against Meltdown. We completed on Jan 9th, five days after we began.


There’s a lot to be learned from these vulnerabilities, and there are important lessons that our customers can and should apply to any potential security risk.

  • You always want to start your security process by identifying abstract threats i.e. where you are vulnerable and how you can architect to protect against those vulnerabilities.

  • Threats are individual. The threats to your company may be different than the threats that we face at Aptible.

  • You want to figure out what services you depend on (that are the biggest threats) and how to architect to isolate and protect against those threats.

  • Threats aren’t always abstract. Whenever a new major vulnerability emerges (Meltdown, for example) you want to assess how that fits into your security model and how you need to respond to it. And this is a process that should be ongoing over time.

The Enclave infrastructure wasn’t built overnight–it was an iterative process. The diagram that we’ve shown in the slide deck is the result of an accumulation of updates and improvements since 2013.

Enclave Metric Drains

We released a new feature: Metric Drains. Metric Drains help you monitor the performance of your containers. Container Metrics are captured every 30 seconds. They are routed every 15 seconds to the destination of your choice. Currently, that includes InfluxDB (both hosted on Enclave or hosted by InfluxData) and Datadog. More third party providers to come in the future–feedback welcome.

We’ve had a lot of requests around metrics retention. Using Metric Drains, you can retain the metrics for as long as you want, and,you gain ownership of your metrics. You can incorporate them into dashboards, for example, to better understand your applications.

Metric drains are functionally similar to Log Drains except for metrics. What’s captured?


  • Running Status

  • CPU Usage

  • Memory Usage & Limit

  • Disk IO

  • Disk Usage & Limit (DB Only.)

If you want to start capturing performance metrics, check out our documentation on Metric Drains.

Other Enclave Updates

Managed HIDS

Managed HIDS is now generally available. On a weekly basis, you get audit ready PDF + CSV reports.This satisfies compliance requirements for intrusion detection. Free for shared tenancy stacks and $0.02 / GB / hour for dedicated tenancy stacks.

VPC Peers and VPN Tunnels

Connect to any AWS VPC via a peering connection. No maintenance and 100% free. If you have your own VPC, this is convenient. The downside is this only works for AWS, which is where VPN tunnels come in as another option. VPN tunnels connect to any VPN network. Requires a VPN gateway. $99 / VPN connection.

For setup, just contact Aptible support at Once setup, connection details are visible in the dashboard.

Additional Enclave Features
  • The Enclave CLI now supports JSON output. JSON output provides enhanced scriptability.

  • The DB:create command now supports picking a version.

  • Restored instances of a MongoDB replica set will no longer attempt to join the existing replica set.

  • Databases now optimize their configuration according to their container size. This lets you get the most out of your resources, and it’s easier to experiment with new footprints.

Register for April 2018 Aptible Product Update Webinar

We’ll host our next product update webinar April 25, 2018 at 11 a.m. PT (2 p.m. ET).

Register now.

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January 2018

Meltdown and Spectre are Critical Vulnerabilities for Cloud Infrastructure. Here’s How the Aptible Security Team Responded

Frank Macreery on January 10, 2018

Meltdown and Spectre are critical vulnerabilities for cloud hosting

By now it’s likely that you’ve heard about Meltdown and Spectre1, which were publicly disclosed on January 3rd.

As an Aptible customer, here’s what you need to know:

  • Enclave is architected to mitigate vulnerabilities like Meltdown and Spectre.

  • The Aptible Security Team immediately responded to the disclosure to further remediate the issue.

We provided realtime account of our response efforts on our status page. This blog post will provide additional context on our response. We’ll also share some of the ways our architecture is designed to protect against these sorts of vulnerabilities.

How these vulnerabilities impact cloud infrastructure

Meltdown in particular (more on Spectre later in this post) allows processes to read memory they should normally not have access to. By extension, in a PaaS environment running untrusted customer code, it allows customers to read memory they shouldn’t normally be allowed to read.

The vulnerability isn’t trivial to exploit at scale, but in theory, it allows for:

  • Escalation: one customer reads data (e.g. credentials) belonging to the PaaS provider, and uses that to compromise the PaaS provider itself, and by extension other customers.

  • Lateral compromise: one customer reads data belonging to another customer whose apps are deployed on the same underlying instance.

In other words, Meltdown is a critically important vulnerability for any PaaS provider. However, as an Aptible Enclave customer, you’re protected by the intrinsic architecture of Enclave, as well as an active Security Team. Here’s how.

Aptible Enclave is architected to protect against attacks like Meltdown and Spectre

In fact, this exact type of vulnerability where a customer gets access to memory they shouldn’t normally be able to read is part of our threat model, and Enclave is architected to protect against those.

Here’s how this plays out in terms of the escalation and lateral compromise attacks explained earlier:

  • Escalation: instances running customer containers on Enclave are unprivileged by design. All privileged access to e.g. AWS or Aptible APIs is orchestrated through isolated “coordinator” instances, which do not host customer containers.

  • Lateral compromise: for sensitive data, Enclave requires that customers deploy on dedicated-tenancy stacks, which host a single customer’s containers.

In other words: the container boundary is our first line of defense, but it’s not the only one.

Aptible’s Meltdown remediation efforts

As soon as the Meltdown vulnerability was publicized, we acted immediately to deploy patches across our infrastructure to restore the integrity of the container boundary before public exploits were available. These patches needed to be applied to the Linux Kernel, and are known as the “Kernel Page-Table-Isolation” patch set (or “KPTI”).

Here, our remediation was made more difficult by the fact that the Ubuntu Linux distribution, which we rely on for Enclave, was taken by surprise by the unanticipated early release of the vulnerability on January 3rd, and did not have patched Kernels available yet.

As a result, hours after the vulnerability was announced, we started working on a contingency plan, which consisted of building our own patched Kernels targeting Linux 4.14.112. On January 4th, we understood that Ubuntu was unlikely to be able to provide patched Kernels before January 9th (which turned out to be correct), and made the decision to roll out our own Kernels instead3. Other providers have since announced that they followed a similar approach.

Once we validated our newly-minted Kernel through Enclave’s suite of integration tests, we published our plans on our status page and contacted customers with scheduled maintenance windows. Over the course of a few days, we replaced thousands of instances with minimal disruption. Ultimately, our patching of Meltdown completed early in the morning of January 9th, before public Meltdown PoCs were available and before Ubuntu had released patched Kernels.


Date Actions
January 3, 2018 We posted to our status page indicating that the Security Team was monitoring the expected release of information about an upcoming vulnerability.
January 4, 2018 Once the details of the vulnerability were released, we published our response plan to our status page, and prioritized response around patching Shared Stacks (which are inherently vulnerable to Meltdown) and otherwise vulnerable Dedicated Stacks.

We completed kernel patching for Shared and Dedicated Stacks. We used a bespoke kernel because an official kernel patch was not yet released.

We began to contact each customer to coordinate a scheduled maintenance window during which we could restart databases, as needed.
January 9, 2018 We completed all patching and database restarts needed for all remediation efforts related to Meltdown.

Looking ahead and Spectre remediation

As of now Aptible has fully remediated Meltdown for Enclave Stacks.

Going forward, we are continuing to assess the impact of the Spectre vulnerabilities and the development of mitigations in the Linux Kernel to protect against it. Once these mitigations evolve, we’ll likely follow a similar approach (albeit with less urgency) to deploy mitigations for Spectre.

The stakes continue to get higher, as the threat environment continues to elevate just as the consequences for data breach grows. The Aptible Security Team will continue to be aggressive about protecting our customers’ environments from these and all critical vulnerabilities.


  1. The site provides useful information, recommendations and links to security advisories that describe Meltdown for a context broader than this blog post. You may find useful information there related to how to appropriately respond to Meltdown in your own cloud or personal data environments.
  2. Some additional fixes to the KPTI patch series were included in the subsequent Linux 4.14.12 release. 4.14.12 hadn’t been released yet when we started rolling out our Linux 4.14.11-based Kernel, but we did backport the relevant patches onto our 4.14.11 tree ahead of time.
  3. It’s worth noting that the reason we were able to move faster than Ubuntu was because we had fewer constraints. Indeed, Ubuntu guarantees a stable Kernel version for a given Ubuntu release, which means they had to backport the KPTI patches onto older Kernels. That’s a lot of work, which they had to complete on short notice. In comparison, we had the flexibility to choose to upgrade to a newer Kernel instead, which we did.
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December 2017


October 2017

Recap: Aptible October 2017 Quarterly Product Update Webinar

Henry Hund on October 26, 2017

Every quarter, we host a webinar to share everything that’s new with Enclave and Gridiron.

In case you missed it, you can watch a recording of our October webinar below. You can also grab the transcript and the slide deck in our resources section. And, we provide a full recap of the event in this post.

Register now for our next update webinar on January 25, 2018.

October 2017 Quarterly Product Update Webinar

Webinar Recap

Achieving ISO 27001 Certification

In September, we earned our ISO 27001 certification, covering both Enclave and Gridiron.

ISO 27001 is a cross-industry, international standard of security. It prescribes security controls for use across an organization, not just technical safeguards. Becoming ISO 27001 helps communicate your commitment to security to customers and auditors.

Aptible’s ISO 27001 certification is great news for our customers. You can use our certificate to show that your cloud infrastructure meets international standards of security.

Grab our ISO 27001 certificate, and learn more about ISO 27001 in our resources section.

As an aside: we used Gridiron to help us achieve our ISO 27001 certification. Don’t hesitate to let us know if you’d like to discuss attaining your own cert. We built Gridiron to make the process of meeting organization-wide security and compliance requirements straightforward.

Enclave: Easier to Audit (and Easier to Use)

This past quarter we released an array of features to make Enclave easier to audit. Of course, we also launched features that make it easier to use Enclave.

Sneak Preview: Managed HIDS

Managed HIDS: Coming Soon

In the coming weeks, you’ll hear more about Enclave Managed Host-level Intrusion Detection System (Managed HIDS). This is an exciting upgrade to the security of your hosts.

With Managed HIDS, the Aptible Security Team collects, monitors, investigates, and responds to security events–such as sudo logins, file integrity changes, rootkit detection–within your infrastructure. Aptible manages the entire process on your behalf, and notifies you of the results.

Managed HIDS provides an additional level of security for your infrastructure, automatically enabled for all Stacks.

Aptible will also offer a weekly digest of Managed HIDS activity. The Enclave Intrusion Detection Report will be available for an additional subscription. It’ll be prepared automatically, so you can provide customers and auditors evidence that your Stack is monitored for host-level intrusions.

Other Audit-Ready Enclave Features

We added SSH Session Logging so you can capture SSH session activity. This is important: auditors and customers will want to ensure access to your prod data is audited. In particular, this is often a requirement for HITRUST.

Activity Reports enables you to review every operation within your Stack, attributed to individual users. Your auditors will want confirmation that you are monitoring for suspicious activity.

Learn more about SSH Session Logging or Activity Reports in our Changelog.

Making Enclave Easier to Use

Part of making Enclave the best place to deploy regulated and sensitive projects is ensuring that it we are making it as easy as possible to use and deploy to Enclave.

This quarter, we released the following improvements:

Gridiron: Enhancing your Information Security Management System

Gridiron is the easiest and fastest way to create and manage your information security management system (ISMS).

This quarter, we focused on:

  • Helping you to achieve certifications (such as ISO 27001, SOC 2) and pass customer audits with new reporting

  • Managing and auditing internal compliance obligations, including your agreements with customers and vendors

  • Updating the Gridiron Risk Model

Gridiron Risk Model: Security Controls

Improved Audit and Certification Prep with Gridiron Reports

We launched a collection of reports designed to meet audit requirements. By using Gridiron, these reports will be automatically prepared so you can share with your auditors (and use for internal audits), shortcutting the audit process.

Training History shows all security and compliance training activity. Asset Inventory contains all details about assets covered in your ISMS. Business Continuity allows you to implement and execute on business continuity plans faster. And, the Audit Log Report shows details about all audit logs captured for each part of your ISMS.

Other Gridiron Enhancements
  • Customer and Vendor Management - meet audit (such as ISO 27001) requirements by creating an index of all legal and regulatory requirements you’re bound to by agreements with customers and vendors.

  • ISMS Asset Management - track all information security assets, such as networks, devices, and third-party systems.

  • Gridiron Risk Model - perform deep risk analysis across all aspects of your internal ISMS

There’s much more about all the changes to Enclave and Gridiron in the webinar recording.

Register for January 2018 Aptible Product Update Webinar

We’ll host our next product update webinar January 25, 2018 at 11 a.m. PT (2 p.m. ET).

Register now.

All registrants will receive a webinar recap and recording shortly after the conclusion of the webinar.

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