Article 23: Restrictions

  1. Union or Member State law to which the data controller or processor is subject may restrict by way of a legislative measure the scope of the obligations and rights provided for in Articles 12 to 22 and Article 34, as well as Article 5 in so far as its provisions correspond to the rights and obligations provided for in Articles 12 to 22, when such a restriction respects the essence of the fundamental rights and freedoms and is a necessary and proportionate measure in a democratic society to safeguard:
  2. (a) national security;
  3. (b) defence;
  4. (c) public security;
  5. (d) the prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties, including the safeguarding against and the prevention of threats to public security;
  6. (e) other important objectives of general public interest of the Union or of a Member State, in particular an important economic or financial interest of the Union or of a Member State, including monetary, budgetary and taxation a matters, public health and social security;
  7. (f) the protection of judicial independence and judicial proceedings;
  8. (g) the prevention, investigation, detection and prosecution of breaches of ethics for regulated professions;
  9. (h) a monitoring, inspection or regulatory function connected, even occasionally, to the exercise of official authority in the cases referred to in points (a) to (e) and (g);
  10. (i) the protection of the data subject or the rights and freedoms of others;
  11. (j) the enforcement of civil law claims.
  12. In particular, any legislative measure referred to in paragraph 1 shall contain specific provisions at least, where relevant, as to:
  13. (a) the purposes of the processing or categories of processing;
  14. (b) the categories of personal data;
  15. (c) the scope of the restrictions introduced;
  16. (d) the safeguards to prevent abuse or unlawful access or transfer;
  17. (e) the specification of the controller or categories of controllers;
  18. (f) the storage periods and the applicable safeguards taking into account the nature, scope and purposes of the processing or categories of processing;
  19. (g) the risks to the rights and freedoms of data subjects; and
  20. (h) the right of data subjects to be informed about the restriction, unless that may be prejudicial to the purpose of the restriction.